- Policy Memorandum Version
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- November 1, 2004 Create Date
- February 26, 2020 Last Updated
Policy Memorandum, November 01, 2004, Lakshmi Pandey, David L. Sjoquist
This memorandum provides an estimate of the revenue implications for a proposed exemption for small businesses.
Proposed Exemption: The proposed exemption equals $25,000 if net income is less than $100,000, $12,500 if net income is between $100,000 and $199,999, $5,000 if net income is between $200,000 and $499,999, and zero otherwise. The exemption would apply for any C-Corp, S-Corp or LLC headquartered in Georgia.
Estimated Revenue Impact: Using Corporate Income Tax returns for 1999 and for 2002, we find that the proposed exemption would have reduced Georgia Corporate Income Tax revenue by $24.9 million in 1999 and $16.9 million in 2002. The smaller reduction in 2002 is due to the reduced corporate profits following the recession. These revenue losses amount to 3.1 percent and 3.0 percent of total Corporate Income Tax revenues in 1999 and 2002, respectively. The proposed exemption would have reduced corporate income tax liabilities for eligible firms by about 25 percent in both years. Projecting Corporate Income Tax revenue based on growth rates during the 1990s, we estimate that the 10-year revenue lost from the proposed exemption would be $250.8 million.
Other Considerations: The proposed exemption applies only to firms headquartered in Georgia. We are unable to identify which of the firms in the data we used are Georgia-headquartered firms. However, based on case law, we believe there is a strong probability that the courts would find a tax exemption that is limited to firms headquartered in Georgia to be unconstitutional.